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广东银行考试模拟题:中国建设银行招聘考试(英语部分)模拟试题及答案(一)

2017-09-13 18:20:16 |

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第三部分 英语部分

Passage 1

Over the past decade, American companies have tried hard to find ways to discourage senior from feathering their own nests at the expense of their shareholders. The three most popular reforms have been recruiting more outside directors in order to make boards more independent, linking bosses’pay to various performance measures, and giving bosses share options, so that they have the same long-term interests as their shareholders.

These reforms have been widely adopted by American’s larger companies, and surveys suggest that many more companies are thinking of following their lead. But have they done any good? Three papers presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management in Boston this week suggest not. As is usually the case with boardroom tinkering, the consequences have differed from those intended.

Start with those independent boards. On the face of it, dismissing the boss’s friends from the board and replacing them with outsiders looks a perfect way to make senior managers more accountable. But that is not the conclusion of a study by Professor James Westphal. Instead, he found that bosses with a boardroom full of outsides spend much of their time building alliances, doing personal favors and generally pleasing the outsiders.

All too often, these seductions succeed. Mr.Westphal found that, to a remarkable degree, “independent” boards pursue strategies that are likely to favor senior managers rather than shareholders. Such companies diversify their business, increase the pay of executives and weaken the link between pay and performance.

To assess the impact of performance related pay, Mr.Westphal asked the bosses of 103 companies with sales of over $1 billion what measurements were used to determine their pay. The measurements varied widely, ranging from sales to earnings per share. But the researcher’s big discovery was that bosses attend to measures that affect their own incomes and ignore or play down other factors that affect a company’s overall success.

In short, bosses are quick to turn every imaginable system of corporate government to their advantage—which is probably why they are the people who are put in charge of things. Here is a paradox for the management theorists: any boss who cannot beat a system designed to keep him under control is probably not worth having.

1. What is the purpose of the large companies in recruiting outsiders and putting them on the board of directors?

A) To diversify the business of the corporation.

B) To enhance the cooperation between the senior managers and the board directors.

C) To introduce effective reforms in business management.

D) To protect the interests of the shareholders.

2. What does Professor James Westphal’s study suggest?

A) Boardroom reforms have failed to achieve the desired result.

B) Outside board directors tend to be more independent.

C) With a boardroom full of outsiders, senior managers work more conscientiously.

D) Cooperation between senior managers and board directors suffered from the reforms.

3. The word “seduction”(Line 1,Para.4) probably means “ ”.

A) efforts to conquer

B) attempts to win over

C) endeavors to increase profits

D) exertions to understand

4. Which of the following statements is true?

A) Corporate executives in general are worth the high pay they receive.

B) The income of corporate executives is proportional to the growth of corporate profits.

C) Corporate executives tend to take advantage of their position to enrich themselves.

D) The performance of corporate executives affects their own interests more than those of the shareholders.

5. How does the author feel about the efforts to control senior executives?

A) Doubtful. B) Optimistic. C) Positive. D) Approving.

责任编辑(gdoffcn)

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