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英语阅读理解之“七选五”题型点拨

2019-01-06 14:38:35| 广东中公教育

一、命题特点

“七选五”这类题型要求根据给定短文,在7个选项句子中分别选出5个符合语法知识、逻辑结构和前后意思衔接的选项,补充到原文划线的填充处,使原文成为一篇意思完整、前后连贯的短文,该题型主要考查了阅读能力、基础知识(语法、词汇)和综合逻辑思维推理能力。

二、解题步骤:

1.走马观花

快速阅读全文要点词句,包括首尾段、首尾句以及独立成段的句子和文章中带转折词的句子等,掌握文章的主要内容。

2.按图索骥

(1)看空前空后。由于补全短文空出的是整个句子,而这些句子与句子之间,必然有一种联系,因此我们可以通过选项中某个词跟空前或空后的一致性或者相关性来确定这两个句子之间有一种关联性,从而选择正确的答案。

(2)注意某些信息线索及连接性词汇,“小词帮你出大力,时态帮你理顺序”,这些线索可以表现句子与句子之间的关系,通过不同的连接性词语我们可以推知句子与句子之间不同的关系。句子之间的连接性的词语一般有下面一些:

承接关系:so, therefore, thus, hence, accordingly, consequently, as a result

平列关系:first, second, third…; firstly, secondly, thirdly…; first, next, then…; in the first place, in the second place…; for one thing, for another thing…;to begin with, to conclude

转折关系: however, nevertheless, nonetheless, still, though, yet, in spite of, at any rate, in any case, whoever, whatever on the contrary, in contrast, by contrast, in comparison, by comparison, conversely, otherwise

层递关系:also, further, furthermore, likewise, similarly, moreover, in addition, what’s more, too, either, neither, not…but…, not only…but also

(3)边读边做。边读边做最重要的是要读懂空缺处前后的句子,明白这几句话的确切意思,然后根据意思的连贯性或逻辑性判断出主旨,然后从选项中寻找相关的信息内容,以确定正确答案。

3.完璧归赵

重新阅读相关词句,即将所选的选项带入文中,看是否有牵强附会之处,意思是否连贯,行文是否流畅。

三、实例分析

Warren Buffett

For someone who is such a successful investor, Warren Buffett comes off as a pretty ordinary guy. He was born on August 30, 1930. ______1______ He used to go door-to-door and sell soda water. When his family moved to Washington, Buffett became a paperboy for The Washington Post. Buffett ran his five paper routes and even added magazines to round out his product offerings. While still in school, he was making $175 a month, a full-time wage for many men.

______2______ He spent $1,200 on 40 acres of farmland in Nebraska. He and a friend also made $50 a week by placing pinball machines in barber shops. They called their venture (企业) Wilson Coin Operated Machine Co. Already a successful small-time businessman, Buffett wasn’t interested in going to college but ended up at the University of Pennsylvania—his father encouraged him to go. ______3______ But he was turned down in what had to be one of the worst admission decisions in Harvard history. The outcome affected Buffett’s life, for he ended up attending Columbia Business School, where he studied under Professor Benjamin Graham, the father of securities analysis who provided the foundation (基础) for Buffett’s investment strategy. From the beginning, Buffett made his fortune from investing. He started with all the money he had made from selling soda water, delivering papers, and operating pinball machines. Between 1950 and 1956, he grew his $9,800 to $14,000. ______4______ And then he gradually drew in other investors through word of mouth and very attractive terms. ______5______ He doesn’t collect houses or cars or works of art, and he disdains (鄙视) companies that waste money on expensive cars, private dining rooms, and high-priced real villa. He is a creature of habit—same house, same office, same city, same soda water.

A. Then Buffett applied to Harvard Business School.

B. Buffett is more likely to be found in a four-star restaurant.

C. When he was 14, Buffett still kept great interest in investment.

D. Even as a young child, Buffett was serious about making money.

E. Buffett’s investment strategy mirrors his lifestyle and overall philosophy.

F. From there, he organized investment partnerships with his family and friends.

G. One thing is for sure about Buffett: he is happy doing what he is doing.

通过对文章整体的阅读,我们可能发现B选项G和文章的主题无关,因此,可以初步断定这个选项是干扰项。

我们也可以边做边判断,每一个空格处都先暂时选上一个我们认为对的选项,用剩下的选项逐个去和每一空格处前后的句子进行衔接,看文章整体意思是否通畅,段落之间是否连贯,信息表述是否清晰。

1前面所述,Buffett是一个平凡的人,空格后讲述他小时候就开始赚钱,所以选项D Buffett小时候就认真赚钱符合题意;

2置于句首,可能是个主题句。整个第二段讲述的是年轻时的Buffett以及Buffett和朋友们一起创业开公司的情况,所以C选项When he was 14, Buffett still kept great interest in investment.;

3前后讲述的是巴菲特受教育的事,所以A选项巴菲特申请了哈佛商学院符合题意,而且这段前后还有Harvard等信息词出现;

4这段讲述了巴菲特的创业经历,所以选F;

5这一段总结概括巴菲特的处事风格,所以选E。

结语

此题型是对语言能力和阅读理解能力的综合测试,不仅要有阅读速度,要对所读文章的主旨要义、具体信息要有所了解,尤其重要的是要掌握作者的写作意图、观点,区分出论点和论据,并且能够把握文章的写作结构和脉络层次,只有了解了这一切,才能比较准确地确定应该选择哪个选项,因此有必要对这类题型的答题思路多练习,以提高在这个部分的应试能力。

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