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2022考研英语翻译之外刊精读:加州成立了奴隶赔偿特别工作组

2021-06-21 17:41:15| 来源:中公考研

California launches slavery reparations task force

加州成立了奴隶赔偿特别工作组

SAN FRANCISCO — A landmark California committee to study reparations for African Americans is meeting for the first time, launching a two-year process to address the harms of slavery and systemic racism.

旧金山—加利福尼亚州一个具有里程碑意义的研究非裔美国人赔偿问题的委员会首次召开会议,启动了一个为期两年的程序,以解决奴隶制和系统性种族主义的危害。

Tuesday’s meeting of the first state reparations committee in the U.S. came as President Joe Biden commemorated the lives of hundreds of Black people killed by a white mob in what was then a thriving African-American community in Tulsa, Oklahoma, a century ago. It also comes just over a year after George Floyd, a Black man, was murdered by a white police officer in Minnesota.

美国第一个州赔偿委员会星期二举行会议之际,美国总统拜登(Joe Biden)纪念了一个世纪前在俄克拉荷马州塔尔萨一个繁荣的非裔美国人社区被白人暴徒杀害的数百名黑人的生命。一年前,黑人乔治·弗洛伊德在明尼苏达州被一名白人警察谋杀。

Secretary of State Shirley Weber, who as a state assembly woman authored the legislation creating the task force, noted the solemnity of the occasion as well as the opportunity to right an historic wrong.

国务卿雪莉·韦伯(Shirley Weber)是设立特别工作组的州议员,她指出,这是一个庄严的时刻,也是纠正历史错误的机会。

“Your task is to determine the depth of the harm, and the ways in which we are to repair that harm,” said Weber, whose parents were sharecroppers forced to leave the South because of a lack of opportunity.

“你们的任务是确定伤害的深度,以及我们修补伤害的方式,”韦伯说,他的父母是佃农,因为缺乏机会而被迫离开南方。

Critics have said that California did not have slaves and should not have to study reparations. But Weber said the state is an economic powerhouse that can point the way for a federal government that has been unable to address the issue.

批评人士说,加州没有奴隶,不应该研究赔偿问题。但韦伯表示,加州经济强大,可以为联邦政府指明道路,因为联邦政府一直未能解决这一问题。

The task force will craft an apology and identify policies that contribute to ongoing racial disparities in education, the criminal justice system, generational wealth and other areas. Black people make up just 6% of California’s population yet constitute an overwhelming percentage of people in prison, the economically needy and those who are homeless.

该工作组将起草一份道歉书,并确定在教育、刑事司法系统、世代财富等领域造成持续存在的种族差异的政策。黑人只占加州人口的6%,但在监狱、贫困人口和无家可归者中却占据了压倒性的比例。

The nine task force members, appointed by Gov. Gavin Newsom and leaders of the Legislature, include the descendants of slaves who are now lawyers, academics and politicians. Slavery may not have flourished in California, but African Americans were still treated harshly in the state. Their neighborhoods in San Francisco and Los Angeles were razed in the name of development.

九名工作组成员由州长加文·纽森(Gavin Newsom)和立法机构领导人任命,包括奴隶的后代,他们现在是律师、学者和政治家。奴隶制度在加州可能并不盛行,但非裔美国人在该州仍然受到严厉对待。他们在旧金山和洛杉矶的社区在开发的名义下被夷为平地。

“We have lost more than we have ever taken from this country. We have given more than has ever been given to us,” said state Sen. Steven Bradford, who is on the committee.

“我们失去的比我们从这个国家获得的还要多。我们付出的比别人给予我们的要多。” 该委员会成员、州参议员史蒂文·布拉德福德说。

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